Scientists have discovered the oldest-known Mayan calendar and it further establishes that December 21, 2012 is not the doomsday.
The latest discovery of wall writings found in Guatemala points out the fact that the Mayan calendars go well beyond 2012, the year when the ancient civilization, according to popular culture, expected the end of the world.
The astronomical calendar was found in the ruins of an ancient Mayan city, lost in a rain forest at Xultun in northeastern Guatemala. It was preserved in good condition, inscribed on the walls of a tiny cell only two years ago. National Geographic Society-funded archaeologists noted a small residential room. The room's walls proved to hold murals and small, delicate hieroglyphs inscribed in rows between paintings of scribes and rulers.
Examination of the rows showed that they are columns of numbers and symbols similar to lunar eclipse calculations found in early 16th century Maya writings that tied astronomical events to rituals. Some of them include dates corresponding to a time after the year 3500.
"A fascinating discovery and a first in Maya archaeology," says Maya anthropologist Victoria Bricker of Tulane University in New Orleans. She notes its conclusive linkage of the later books to the Classic Maya calendar carved in stone dating back to before 300 A.D.
"Seeing the actual writing on the wall certainly gives us a little insight into history," says Maya writing expert Simon Martin, co-curator of the "Maya 2012: Lords of Time" exhibition now ongoing at Philadelphia's Penn Museum. The discovery means that December21, 2012 merely marks the beginning of a new calendar cycle, not an apocalypse, as it was previously presumed.
Sneak peak at doomsday theory
The Mayan calendar is broken down into “baktuns” (or “b’ak’tun”), each of which equals 400 years, or about 146,000 days. According to Mayan legend, the current world — the one in which we are all currently living — was created over 12 baktuns ago. At the end of the 13th baktun, the world as we know it will cease to exist. December 21, 2012 — the winter solstice — is that day.The newly discovered Mayan calendar has cycles of time recording 17 baktuns, rather than the standard 13.
One can now breathe easy without any tension or fear of death. As the whole concept of world coming to end has been now scrapped for good.