According to the latest research by 'The Lancet,' nearly 2.6 million babies die each year all over the world.
However, the most heart-rendering fact is that nearly half of the stillbirths, after 28 weeks of pregnancy, occur due to lack of competent medical facilities to the mothers at appropriate time.
The study revealed that nearly half of the deaths of new-borns occur in developing countries, including India, China, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nigeria, but the analysts are still enumerating the reasons for stillbirths in the developed countries.
UK reports highest stillbirths among developed countries
The European medical journal unveiled on Wednesday that UK topped the spot among the highest stillbirth cases in the developed countries.
“Stillbirth is a big problem, and it hasn’t been on the global agenda before. We hear a lot about ‘overlooked problems,’ but this is genuinely one.”--Lead author Joy E. Lawn
Though UK acquires the 33rd position among the high-income countries, a decline of 17.4 percent in the stillbirth cases has been reported between 1995 and 2009.
Nearly, 4100 stillbirths occurred in 2009 in UK, which is equivalent to 11 deaths of new-born babies every day.
Globally, the number of stillbirth cases have reduced from 22 to 19 per 1000 deaths, however, the worldwide death rate of the babies abated mere 1.1 percent per year (from 3 million in 1995 to 2.6 million in 2009).
Developing countries like Pakistan and Nigeria accounted nearly 46 and 42 per 1000 stillbirths respectively. While Singapore and Finland showcased lowest stillbirth case with two per 1000, the United States grabbed the 17th rank, among 193 countries, with three per 1000 cases.
Lead author of the study Joy E. Lawn, a physician in Cape Town, South Africa, revealed to The Washington Post, “Stillbirth is a big problem, and it hasn’t been on the global agenda before. We hear a lot about ‘overlooked problems,’ but this is genuinely one.”
Reason for stillbirths
As per the researchers, problems during delivery, infection, illness in mother like hypertension and diabetes, improper growth of fetus, congenital abnormalities, and genetic abnormalities are the prime reasons for stillbirth cases in various countries.
Besides, other factors including obesity, high blood pressure, and smoking also escalate the risk of stillbirth.
Controlling all the aforementioned factors can save the life of nearly one million babies every year, claims the report.
Encourage caesarean during delivery
As 45 percent of stillbirths occur during delivery, experts recommend would-be mothers to have caesarean operation.
According to WHO, nearly 15 percent of the delivery should be by caesarean, in order to protect the health of both mother and infant. If the caesarean rate lowers down from 10 percent, the stillbirth cases are likely to surge.
Elizabeth Mason, director of an health agency in Geneva, said, "This has actually been successful, and other countries are looking at it as a possibility.”
Nearly, 45 percent of the stillbirth cases can be reduced worldwide by 2015 only if a meager amount of $2.32 per person is spent on the medical facilities.